Alprazolam: What is Alprazolam? Know its uses, side effects and precautions

What is alprazolam used for?

Alprazolam is used in the treatment of anxiety or restlessness and panic disorder. It is a drug belonging to the group of drugs benzodiazepines that works to produce calming effects on the brain and nervous system. It works by increasing the effect of some natural chemical like (GABA, GABA) in the body.

How do I use Alprazolam?

According to the instructions of the doctor, eat this medicine. The dosage of this medicine is based on your medical condition, age and how sensitive you are to treatment. Your dose may increase gradually until it starts working well. To reduce the risk of side effects of this medicine, use this medicine according to the instructions of the doctor.

Use of this medicine may cause you to have withdrawal reactions especially if it has been used for a long time or high doses. Withdrawal symptoms (such as seizures) may occur if you stop this medicine suddenly. Your doctor may reduce your dose slowly to prevent this kind of withdrawal reaction. Report any type of withdrawal reaction to your doctor immediately.

Along with the benefits of this medicine, there may be a habit of this drug which is called Abnormal drug seeking behavior. This risk can further increase if you have a bad habit of drinking alcohol or have used a drug before. To reduce the risk of addiction to this medicine, use it as prescribed.

This medicine does not work properly when used for a long time. Talk to your doctor about this medicine if it is not working properly.

How do I store Alprazolam?

It is better to store alprazolam at room temperature away from light and moisture. Never store alprazolam in a bathroom or cool place. There are different brands of Alprazolam in the market which can also have different guidelines for storing them. Whenever you buy this medicine, first read the necessary instructions written on its package, or ask your pharmacist about it. For safety, you should keep it out of the reach of children and animals.

Do not throw alprazolam in the toilet or a drain without instructions. If it has expired or is not to be used, destroy it. You can contact your pharmacist for more information.

What should I know before using Alprazolam?
Alprazolam before use;

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you need alprazolam, chloradiazepoxide (Librium, librex), clonazepam (Klonopin), chlorazepat (tranxin), diazepam (William), istazolam (prosom), flurazepam (Dalmen), halazepam (Paxepam), lozepam (Paxipam), Are there any allergies to medicines or other medicines like Ativan), Oxazepam (Cerax), Prazepam (Centrex), Quazepam (Doral), Temazepam (Restoril), Triazolam (Halcyon) etc.
You should tell your doctor if you are taking itraconazole (sporanox) or ketoconazole (Nizoral) etc. In this case your doctor will advise against taking alprazolam.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist about any prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and nutritional supplements you are taking. Make sure you are taking the following medicines: amiodarone (carderone, pesarone), antidepressant (mood elevator) such as desipramine (norpramine), imipramine (tofranil), and nefazodone; Antifungals such as fluconazole (diflucan), posaconazole (noxafil), or voriconazole (Weifend); Antihistamine cimetidine (tegamate); Clarithromycin (bioxin); Cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandymune); Diltiazem (cardijem, dilacore, tiajac); Ergotamine (cafatin, cafergot, vigren, others); Erythromycin (EES, E-mysin, erythrosine); Isoniazid (IANH, nidrazid); Brain disease medications, chronic pain, and seizures; Nicardipine (Cardin); Nifedipine (Adalate, Procardia); Oral contraceptive (birth control pills); Propoxifene (darvone); Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem); Fluvoxamine (luvox), paroxetine (paxil), and sertaline (Joloft); Sedative; Sleeping pills; And transquilizer. Your doctor may change your dose or monitor you for side effects.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist what herbal product you are taking, especially St. John’s Vert.
If you have cataract (increased eye pressure that leads to a lack of vision), you should tell your doctor about this.
Tell your doctor if you’ve ever had depression or not; If you come to commit suicide or harm yourself; If you drink alcohol or have ever consumed large amounts of alcohol, if you use or have ever used street drugs or used drugs excessively; If you smoke; If you have had seizures, or if you have ever had lung, kidney, or liver disease.
If you are 65 years or older, talk to the doctor about the risks or benefits of taking this medicine. Older people should use lower doses as this medicine does not work properly when taken in high doses and its side effects can also increase.
If you are going to have surgery which includes dental surgery, in such a situation, you must tell your doctor or dentist that you are using alprazolam.
You should know that the use of Alprazolam can cause drowsiness. Neither drive nor do any machinery work until you know how this medicine can affect you.

Is it safe to take alprazolam during pregnancy or breast feeding?

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or about to undergo breast-feeding. Alprazolam can cause harm to the child. Call your doctor if you are pregnant while using alprazolam.
However, during the pregnancy, the US Food and Administration has placed it in the danger category “D” for its use. The FDA Pregnancy Hazard List is as follows;

A = no harm
B = no harm in some research
C = There may be some loss
D = positive proof of loss
X = differences about
N = no idea
What side effects can occur with the use of Alprazolam?
Seek emergency medical help if you notice signs of an allergic reaction such as hives, difficulty in breathing, swelling of face, lips, tongue or throat, etc.

Call your doctor if you feel the following serious side effects such as;

Mood worsening, suicides or thoughts of self harm, unusual risk taking
Confusion, hyperactivity, excitement, feeling of opposition, getting confused
Feeling as if death has occurred;
Lower than normal or no urine at all
Chest pain, rapid heartbeat
Uncontrolled movement of muscles, trembling, seizures (convulsions);
Jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes).
Less serious side effects are as follows;

Slowness, dizzy head, tiredness or irritation
Blurred vision, headache, memory problems, lack of concentration
Sleep problem (insomnia)
Swelling of hands and feet
Muscle weakness, balance deficiency or imbalance, voice faltering
Stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea
Excessive sweating, dry mouth, nasal congestion
Loss of appetite or change in weight, lack of sexual desire.
Not all people feel all these side effects. You are not told some side effects here. If you have any concerns about these side effects, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

What medicines cannot be taken with alprazolam?

If you are currently taking any medicine, Alprazolam may interact with it, which will affect the action of the drug or cause serious side effects. To prevent this, you keep a list of medicines (which include prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs and herbal products) and share them with a doctor or pharmacist. For safety, neither do you start or stop taking any medicine without the consent of the doctor, nor change its dosage.

Drug interactions can affect drug action or cause serious side effects. Not all drug interactions are described in this document. Keep a list of medicines (including prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs and herbal products) and share them with a doctor or pharmacist. In terms of safety, you should neither start any medicine on your own without the consent of the doctor, neither stop nor change its dosage.

Before using alprazolam, tell your doctor if you are using medicines that make you feel sleepy (eg cold or allergy medications, other sedatives, narcotic pain relievers, sleeping pills, muscle relaxants and seizures, depression Or confused medicines). All these medicines increase the sleep problem caused by alprazolam.

If you use the following medicines, please tell your doctor like;

Birth control pills
Cimetidine (Tegamate)
Cyclosporine (Gengraph, Neoral, Sandymune)
Dexamethasone (Cartastate, Dexasone, Solurex, Dexpac)
Ergotamine (cafergot, ergomer, migergot)
Imatinib (glivec)
Isoniazid (for the treatment of tuberculosis)
John vert
Antibiotics such as clarithromycin (bixin), erythromycin (EES, iripad, erytab, erythrocin, pidiazole), rifabutin (mycobutin), rifampin (rifadine, rifater, rifamate), rifapentin (prifetine) or telethromycin
Antifungal medicines such as miconazole (Oravig), or voriconazole (Weifend)
Antidepressant medications such as fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Symbiax), fluvoxamine (Luvox), desipramine (norpramine), imipramine (Janamine, Tofranil) or nefazodone
Barbiturates such as butabarbital (butisol), cicobarbital (seconal), pentobarbital (nembutal), or phenobarbital (sulfoton)
Heart or blood pressure medications such as amiodarone (cordarone, pesarone), diltiazem (tiajac, curtia, cardijem), nicardipine (cardin), nifedipine (nifedical, procardia) or quinidine (quin-g)
HIV / AIDS medicines such as atazanavir (Reytaz), delavirdin (Rescriptor), ifavirenz (Sustiva, Atripla), itravirin (Intense), indinavir (Crixivan), nelfinavir (Virasept), nevirapine (Viramune), ritavir (sivavirna) Norveer, Kelletra)
Medications used in seizures such as carbamazapine (carbatrol, equetro, tegretol), felbamate (felbatol), oxcarbazepine (trileptal), phenytoin (dilentine), or primidon (myceline).
Is it safe to take alprazolam with food or alcohol?

Alprazolam may interact with food or alcohol. This affects the action of the drug or can cause serious side effects. Discuss with a doctor or pharmacist before taking alprazolam with food or alcohol, especially

Grapefruit juice
How can eating alprazolam affect health?

Alprazolam may interact with your health status. This can make your health condition worse or may affect the action of the drug. So it is better that you tell your current health status to a doctor or pharmacist, especially if you have the following problems like;

Have epilepsy or have already had seizures
Lung disease – Use this medicine carefully. This can make the situation worse.
Cataract, acute narrow angle – This medicine should not be used in such patients.
Kidney disease
Liver disease – Use this medicine carefully. The effect of this medicine may increase as the process of withdrawal of the drug slows down.
Doctor’s advice
The information below is not a medical advice. Contact your doctor or pharmacist before using it.

How is Alprazolam available?

Alprazolam is available in the following doses and strengths;

Tablets, Extended Release, Oral: 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg.
What to do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In the event of an emergency or overdose, call your local emergency service or go to your nearest emergency ward.

Symptoms of overdose are as follows;

Lack of balance
Not conscious
What to do if you miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Alprazolam, take your dose as soon as you remember. However, if you want to take your next dose shortly after this, do not take it and keep consuming it according to your regular dose. Do not take double dose.

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